# Blog

# Dates - How to get the nth weekday for a month

August 13. 2021

When building apps, it can be very useful to determine the nth workday in a month. For example, what's the 2nd Tuesday in a month, what's the 3rd Wednesday for a month, what's the first Monday (etc)? This post describes the formula to carry out this task.

It can be very useful to determine the nth workday in a
month, particularly for scheduling apps, where we may want to create reoccurring events for a
given day in a month.

## Generic Formula - Example - How to get the 2nd Tuesday for a given month

To demonstrate how to perform this calculation, the formula to get the second Tuesday for September 2021 looks like this:

With({FirstOfMonth:Date(2021,9,1),

DayOfWeek:3,

N:2

},

DateAdd(FirstOfMonth,

(N * 7) - Weekday(DateAdd(FirstOfMonth,7-DayOfWeek))

)

)

With this
formula, 3 refers to Tuesday (weekday 1 is Sunday), and 2 refers to the requirement to return the 2nd Tuesday.

The screenshot beneath verifies the result - the second Tuesday in September 2021 is 14th September 2021.

## Explanation of technique

The method we use is to start with the first day of the target month. Let's suppose we want to return the Nth Tuesday for a month - the basis of this calculation is to first determine a start date that is N weeks from the start date of the month. Here's the formula to carry out this task.DateAdd(FirstOfMonth,

(N * 7) )

)

The screenshot beneath illustrates the dates for September 2021 when N equals 1, 2, 3, and 4.

Taking the example of "what's the second Tuesday in September 2021", the part of the formula shown above returns 15th September 2021 (ie, 1st September + 14 days).

From 15th September 2021, we then need to subtract/roll back 1 day to arrive at our target date of 14th September 2021. The part of the formula that returns the value 1 is:

Weekday(DateAdd(FirstOfMonth,7-DayOfWeek))

Here, we add 4 days (7-3) to the first day of the month. This returns 5th September which is a Sunday. The weekday value for Sunday is 1.

Therefore, this example effectively adds 13 days to 1st September to derive our answer of 14th September.

DateAdd("2021-09-01",

(2 * 7) - 1)

)

## Get the first, second, third, and fourth weekdays for a month

To extend our logic above, we can build a table that returns the first, second, third, and fourth weekdays for a given month. Here's the formula we would use to return these values for September 2021.

With({FirstOfMonth:Date(2021,9,1)},The screenshot beneath shows the output when we apply this formula to the Items property of a data table control.

ForAll(Sequence(7),

{

DayOfWeek:Switch(Value,

1,"Sun",

2,"Mon",

3,"Tue",

4,"Wed",

5,"Thu",

6,"Fri",

7,"Sat"

),

First: DateAdd(FirstOfMonth,

(1 * 7) - Weekday(DateAdd(FirstOfMonth,7-Value))

),

Second:DateAdd(FirstOfMonth,

(2 * 7) - Weekday(DateAdd(FirstOfMonth,7-Value))

),

Third:DateAdd(FirstOfMonth,

(3 * 7) - Weekday(DateAdd(FirstOfMonth,7-Value))

),

Fourth:DateAdd(FirstOfMonth,

(4 * 7) - Weekday(DateAdd(FirstOfMonth,7-Value))

)

}

)

)

## Conclusion

A
common requirement is to determine the
nth workday in a month. For example, the 2nd Tuesday in a month, the 3rd Wednesday for a month, etc. This post highlighted the formula to accomplish
this task.

- Categories:
- dates

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